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References

Alberta Community Bat Program (2019). Building Homes for Bats: Alberta Bat House Guidelines [PDF]. Retrieved from: https://www.albertabats.ca/bathouses/

Animalia. (n.d.). Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox. http://animalia.bio/giant-golden-crowned-flying-fox

 

Bat Conservation International (Batcon). (n.d.). Bats are Important. Retrieved from http://www.batcon.org/why-bats/bats-are/bats-are-important

 

Bat Conservation International (Batcon). (2020, April 24). BCI’s FAQ on Bats and Covid-19. Retrieved from http://www.batcon.org/resources/media-education/news-room/gen-news/80-latest-news/1227-bci-s-faq-on-bats-coronaviruses-and-zoonotic-disease

 

Bat Conservation Trust (n.d.). Why bats matter. Retrieved from https://www.bats.org.uk/about-bats/why-bats-matter/bats-as-pollinators

 

BatLife Europe. (n.d.) European bats. Retrieved from https://www.batlife-europe.info/about-batlife-europe/european-bats/

 

BatWorlds. (2013, Nov 5). Bat Natural Predators. Retrieved from https://www.batworlds.com/bat-predators/

 

BC Community Bat Program. (218, Sept 18). Bat-Friendly Communities [PDF]. Retrieved from https://bcbats.ca/images/BC-Bat-friendly-Communities-Guide-2018.pdf 

 

British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (BCSPCA). (2019). Blind as a bat? Top five bat myths busted! Retrieved from https://spca.bc.ca/news/busting-bat-myths/

 

Burns, A. (2013). Craseonycteris thonglongyai. Animal Diversity Web. https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Craseonycteris_thonglongyai/

 

Duke-NUS Medical School. (2019, February 26). The secret to bats' immunity. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 28, 2020 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/02/190226112401.htm

 

Ghose, T. (2013, Jan 29). Staggering Stats: Cats Kill Billions of Animals a Year. LIVESCIENCE. Retrieved from https://www.livescience.com/26670-cats-kill-billions-animals.html

 

Harvey, M. J., Altenbach, J. S., and Best, T. L. (2011). Bats of the United States and Canada. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

 

Hayes, G. and Wiles, G. J. (2013). Washington bat conservation plan. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, Washington. 138+viii pp.

 

Kernan, M. (2001). How Squirrels Fly. Smithsonian Magazine. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-squirrels-fly-37372905/

 

Lunney, D. and Moon, C. (2011). Blind to Bats: Traditional prejudices and today’s bad press render bats invisible to public consciousness. Mosman, NSW, Australia: Royal Zoological Society of NSW.

 

National Parks Service (NPS)(2017). What is White-nose syndrome? Retrieved from https://www.nps.gov/articles/what-is-white-nose-syndrome.htm.

 

Nunez, E. (n.d.) Bats. National Geographic. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/bats/

 

O’Shea, T. J., Cryan, P. M., Hayman, D. T.S., Plowright, R. K., and Streicker, D. G. (2016). Multiple mortality events in bats: a global review. Mammal Review, 46(3), 175 - 190. https://journals-ohiolink-edu.proxy.lib.miamioh.edu/pg_200?::NO:200:P200_ARTICLEID:338319814

 

PAWS. (2020). Bats. Retrieved from https://www.paws.org/resources/bats/

 

Primack, R. (2010). What is biological diversity? Chapter 2 In Essentials of Conservation Biology 5th Ed. (pp. 23-50). Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc.

 

Prokop, P., Fancovicova, J., and Kubiatko, M. (2009). Vampires Are Still Alive: Slovakian Students’ Attitudes toward Bats. Anthrozoos. 22(1)19-30.

 

Sullivan, J. (2018). Introductory Wildlife Species: Peromyscus maniculatus. Retrieved from https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/animals/mammal/pema/all.html

 

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension. (n.d.). Mexican free-tailed bat. Retrieved from https://agrilife.org/batsinschools/about-bats/colonial-bats-in-texas/mexican-free-tailed-bat/

 

U.S. Department of the Interior (USDOI). (2017). 13 Awesome Facts About Bats. Retrieved from https://www.doi.gov/blog/13-facts-about-bats

 

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS). (2019, May 29). 10 Ways to Be A Friend to Bats. Retrieved from https://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/battips.html

 

U.S. Geological Society (USGS). (2019, Oct 28). Trick or Treat? The Frightening Threats to Bats. Retrieved from https://www.usgs.gov/news/trick-or-treat-frightening-threats-bats-0

 

Wilson, D. E. (n.d.). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/animal/bat-mammal/Classification

Images/Videos:

 

***All illustrations by author unless otherwise noted***

 

Black and white short coated puppy: Photo by José Ignacio García Zajaczkowski on Unsplash https://unsplash.com/photos/qEB1GXTr_H4

 

Butt, J. (2020). Darcey: Photo of black cat. Source Photographer via text.

 

Dvornikova, M. (2020). Bats [video]. Source: from videographer via email.

Froschauer, A. (2012). Mexican free-tailed bat [photo]. USFWS. https://digitalmedia.fws.gov/digital/collection/natdiglib/id/18176/rec/41

 

Froschauer, A. (2012). Mexican free-tailed bats exiting Bracken Bat Cave [photo]. USFWS. https://digitalmedia.fws.gov/digital/collection/natdiglib/id/18174

 

Heaslip, N. (n.d.) Little Brown Bats With White-nose Syndrome [photo]. USFWS. https://www.fws.gov/refuge/Toppenish/Wildlife_Habitat/White-nose_Syndrome.html

 

Kwiatkowski, A. (n.d.) Strzelno Colossus [photo]. Creative Commons Search. https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/48533993-756a-441e-9fc1-d1d5c0d26f3d 

*image cropped

 

Miller, R. A. (n.d) Photo of deforestation. Unsplash. https://unsplash.com/photos/BkTsP32Dfnc

 

Michaelis, M. [Marigami]. (2011, Oct 8). Origami Bat - Mantler’s Bat [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f0l_CxynVo

Moriarty, M. (2009). Little brown bat. [photo]. USFWS. https://digitalmedia.fws.gov/digital/collection/natdiglib/id/10288

 

Paper Kawaii - Origami Tutorials. (2014, Oct 10). Origami Hanging Bat for Halloween Tutorial - DIY - Paper Kawaii [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vz_wqYIvRms

 

Protogenius. (2013, Jun 28). Origami Bat tutorial part1 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jd4uO4phXtw  

 

Protogenius. (2013, Jun 28). Origami Bat tutorial part2 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENbRDkw3Rfo

Potter, H. (2020). Tug: Photo of cat laying down. Source: photographer via text.

 

Ren, M. (2020). Night Flyer: A Bat’s Journey [video game]. https://mikeyren.itch.io/nightflyer

 

Zajaczkowski, J.I.G. (n.d.). Black and white short coated puppy [photo]. Unsplash. https://unsplash.com/photos/qEB1GXTr_H4

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